Geologist

Geologist

A geologist studies the earth’s crust, minerals, rocks, precious metals and gems, and fossils. Using various equipment such as magnetometers, seismographs and gravimeters, geologists prepare maps and charts, explore minerals, oils and natural gas, as well as locate underground water resources. They also work to ensure proper conservation minerals and other earth matter.
What Responsibilities Will I Have?: 
  • Study characteristics of the earth, rocks or minerals
  • Study magnetic fields and composition
  • Utilize magnetometers, seismographs and gravimeters
  • Prepare maps, charts and publications related to findings
  • Plan and execute minerals program activities and tests
  • Ensure the proper conservation of minerals and other earth matter
  • Explore and recover minerals, metals, oil, natural gas and water deposits
  • Investigate geologic hazards or limitations in projects
  • Locate water resources underground
  • Remain up-to-date on new geological findings and technology
Recommended High School Courses: 
The following high school courses are recommended: agricultural education, chemistry, physics, earth science, biology, natural resources, advanced mathematics and computer skills.
Education/Training Required: 
A bachelor’s degree in geology, geosciences, geophysics or a related field is required, but a master’s or doctorate degree is often preferred.
Future Job Market Outlook: 
Typical Employers: 
Geologists work for research firms, environmental businesses, government agencies and universities.
Suggested Professional Organizations and Associations: 
  • Association of Environmental & Engineering Geologists
  • American Association of Petroleum Geologists
  • American Institute of Professional Geologists
Average Annual Full-Time Salary: 
$70,000
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Salary data is provided by the AgCareers.com Compensation Benchmark Review™. These salaries should be considered as examples and are provided for educational and exploratory purposes. The salary information provided should not be used as a benchmark. Actual salaries are influenced by numerous variables including but not limited to demographics, size and scope of the role, level of experience, qualifications, and education of the worker.